|Max Bucket Capacity||1.53 – 3.0 m3|
|Max Engine Power||133 HP/2300 rpm|
|No of Cylinders||06|
|Operating Weight||10,000 kg to 20,000 kg (10 to 20 tons)|
A wheel loader, also known as a front loader, is a heavy equipment machine commonly used in construction, mining, and other industries that require material handling and loading tasks. It is characterized by its large front-mounted bucket and the ability to maneuver on wheels.
Structure: A wheel loader has a sturdy frame made of steel, designed to withstand heavy loads and rough working conditions. It consists of a chassis, articulated steering system, and a front-mounted lift arm.
Power source: Wheel loaders are powered by either diesel engines or, in some cases, electric motors. Diesel engines are more common due to their high torque output and fuel efficiency.
Wheels and tires: Wheel loaders are equipped with large, rugged tires that provide traction and stability on various terrains. Some models have articulated steering, which allows for improved maneuverability.
Bucket: The front-mounted bucket is the primary attachment of a wheel loader. It is used for loading loose materials such as soil, gravel, sand, rocks, or debris. Buckets can vary in size and shape depending on the intended application.
Lift arm: The lift arm, also known as the loader arm or boom, is connected to the front of the machine and supports the bucket. It can be raised, lowered, and tilted to control the position of the bucket during loading and dumping operations.
Operator’s cab: The wheel loader features an enclosed operator’s cab mounted on the chassis. The cab is designed to provide a comfortable and safe working environment for the operator, equipped with controls, instrumentation, and a seat with visibility of the working area.
Controls: The operator controls the wheel loader’s movement and attachment operations using hydraulic controls. These controls allow precise manipulation of the lift arm, bucket, and other machine functions.
Versatility: Wheel loaders can be equipped with various attachments, such as forks, grapples, snowplows, or sweepers, to expand their versatility and perform different tasks.
Safety features: Modern wheel loaders are equipped with safety features such as ROPS (Roll-Over Protective Structure), FOPS (Falling Object Protective Structure), seat belts, backup alarms, and enhanced visibility mirrors to ensure operator safety.
Size and capacity: Wheel loaders come in different sizes, ranging from compact loaders suitable for small construction projects to large loaders used in mining and quarry operations. The capacity of the bucket also varies, with larger machines capable of handling more significant amounts of material.