Heavy construction equipment is used for different objectives in construction projects. They play an essential role in developing and maintaining infrastructure projects worldwide. Construction machines are designed to conduct tasks that are too time-consuming and labour-intensive for humans.
The most popular kinds of heavy equipment used for construction can be classified according to their main applications and functions. The following are the main kinds of heavy equipment meant for construction purposes:
They are used widely in the construction industry. The general objective of this machine is to excavate, but they are also used for other objectives like demolition, heavy lifting, tree cutting, river dredging, etc. Excavators feature a cabinet and a long arm. The cabinet is meant for the machine operator, while a digging bucket is offered at the end of the long arm. The cabinet can be rotated 360 degrees, which makes the operation easy. There are both tracked and wheeled forms of excavators.
They are powerful machines equipped with a vast metal blade at the front, used for moving and pushing debris, soil, and other materials during construction. These machines are imperative for activities like clearing, levelling, and grading land. They are robust and ideally suited for rough terrains, rendering them in everyday use for mining and road construction projects.
This is heavy equipment suited for varied objectives. As the name suggests, the back side of the vehicle is fitted with a hoe arrangement, while a loading bucket is offered in the front. Hence, this is very useful for excavating trenches below the level of the machine and can lift and unload materials using front bucket loading.
They are used to scoop loose materials like gravel, sand, or dirt and load them on conveyors and trucks. Front-end loaders are typically used in construction for tasks such as loading trucks, stockpiling, and moving materials across the site. They come in different configurations, such as wheel and skid steer loaders. Each of these has its benefits for specific applications.
Also referred to as motor graders, they are popularly used in the construction of roads. Their primary function is to level the soil’s surface. They feature a horizontal blade between the rear and front wheels, which is lowered to the ground during operation. There is an operating cabin fitted above the rear axle arrangement. Graders are also used for the removal of snow or dirt from roads, removing unwanted soil layers, and flattening the soil surface before laying the layer of asphalt.
They serve a critical role in moving and lifting heavy equipment or materials. In the case of the construction of tall buildings, tower cranes are used, while mobile cranes have versatile uses, being transportable to varied locations. Cranes are helpful for the placement of concrete panels, assembly of massive structures, and setting up steel beams.
These construction heavy machines are used for digging trenches in the soil. Such trenches are used for laying cables, pipelines, drainage, etc. Trenching machines come in two kinds: wheeled trenchers and chain trenchers. Both kinds are available in the form of wheeled and tracked vehicles.
In sum, heavy construction equipment serves a wide range of tasks. As technology progresses, further innovations can be anticipated in the design of such equipment so that the construction industry can reap the benefits.